Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market Outlook, 2029

The Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market is expected to reach a staggering value of USD 28.2 billion by 2030, driven by rise in technological advancements.

According to publisher, Here is the Europe's Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market: A Flourishing Future. The European electric vehicle (EV) market is experiencing phenomenal growth, driven by stringent emission regulations, growing consumer demand for sustainable mobility, and government incentives. This surge in EV adoption, however, presents a new challenge: the responsible management of Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries that power these vehicles. As a result, the European market for EV battery reuse and recycling is projected to witness significant growth in the coming years. Market Insights Exponential Growth: The European electric vehicle battery reuse and recycling market is expected to reach a staggering value of USD 28.2 billion by 2030, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of over 35% from 2023. Sustainability Imperative: With the environmental impact of improper battery disposal becoming increasingly evident, the focus on sustainable EV battery lifecycle management is paramount. Stringent regulations like the EU Battery Directive mandate high collection and recycling targets for EV batteries, further propelling market growth. Technological Advancements: Continuous advancements in battery recycling technologies like hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy are improving efficiency and cost-effectiveness, making large-scale battery recycling a viable option.

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Market Dynamics Several key factors are driving the growth of the European EV battery reuse and recycling market: Rising EV Sales: The rapid growth of the European EV market directly translates to a larger volume of batteries reaching their end-of-life stage, necessitating robust recycling infrastructure. Environmental Concerns: The potential environmental hazards associated with improper lithium-ion battery disposal, including heavy metal contamination and fire risks, are driving regulations and consumer demand for responsible recycling practices. Raw Material Scarcity: Lithium and other critical battery materials are geographically concentrated, making them susceptible to price fluctuations and supply chain disruptions. Effective battery recycling can contribute to resource security by recovering valuable materials. Government Initiatives: European governments are actively promoting sustainable battery management through financial incentives, research grants, and regulatory frameworks like the EU Battery Directive, which sets ambitious collection and recycling targets for EV batteries. Market Segments The European EV battery reuse and recycling market can be segmented by: Battery Chemistry: Lithium-ion batteries are the dominant battery chemistry used in EVs, and therefore the primary focus of the reuse and recycling market. As alternative chemistries like solid-state batteries emerge, the market may need to adapt to accommodate new recycling processes. Battery Application: The market is further segmented by the type of EV application, such as passenger cars, commercial vehicles, and buses. Batteries from different applications may have varying capacities, chemistries, and degradation patterns, requiring tailored recycling approaches. Recycling Process: The market encompasses various recycling technologies, including: Hydrometallurgy: This process uses aqueous solutions to dissolve the battery materials and recover valuable metals like lithium, cobalt, and nickel. Pyrometallurgy: This high-temperature process involves smelting the battery material to separate the metals. Direct Recycling: An emerging technology that aims to re-use battery components directly in the production of new batteries, minimizing material processing. Regional Analysis The European EV battery reuse and recycling market is witnessing significant growth across the continent, with some key regional trends: Western Europe: This region is currently the leader in the market, driven by mature automotive industries, high EV adoption rates, and stringent environmental regulations. Germany, France, and the United Kingdom are frontrunners in this market. Central & Eastern Europe: This region is experiencing rapid growth in EV sales due to government incentives and increasing consumer awareness. Countries like Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic are investing in battery recycling infrastructure. Nordic Countries: This region boasts a strong focus on sustainability and boasts advanced recycling technologies. Norway, with its high EV penetration rate, is a key player in the market.

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Manmayi Raval

Manmayi Raval

Research Consultant

Key Developments Several recent developments highlight the dynamism of the European EV battery reuse and recycling market: Investments in Recycling Plants: Leading battery manufacturers and recycling companies are investing in building large-scale recycling plants across Europe. For example, BASF is establishing a battery recycling facility in Germany with a capacity of 8,000 tonnes per year. Collaboration between Automakers and Recyclers: Automakers like Renault and Volkswagen are partnering with recycling companies to establish closed-loop battery lifecycles. This ensures responsible end-of-life management for EV batteries used in their vehicles. Technological Innovation: Start-ups and established players are actively developing innovative recycling technologies to improve efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and environmental sustainability. These advancements are crucial for scaling up recycling capacity Competitive Landscape The European EV battery reuse and recycling market is witnessing a growing competitive landscape, with a mix of established players and innovative startups vying for market share. Here's a breakdown of the key players: Battery Manufacturers: Leading battery manufacturers like BASF (Germany), Umicore (Belgium), and Johnson Matthey (UK) are actively investing in recycling capabilities to gain control over the entire battery lifecycle and secure their raw material supply chains. Recycling Companies: Dedicated recycling companies like Li-Cycle (Canada) and Northvolt (Sweden) are at the forefront of developing and deploying advanced recycling technologies. These companies offer battery recycling services to automakers and battery manufacturers. Waste Management Companies: Established waste management companies like Veolia (France) and Remondis (Germany) are leveraging their existing infrastructure and expertise to expand into EV battery recycling. Their extensive collection networks and experience in handling hazardous materials position them well in this market. Mining Companies: Mining giants like Glencore (Switzerland) are strategically acquiring or partnering with recycling companies to secure access to valuable battery metals and reduce reliance on traditional mining operations. Competitive Strategies: Technology Leadership: Companies are continuously innovating and refining their recycling processes to improve efficiency, maximize resource recovery, and reduce environmental impact. Building Partnerships: Strategic partnerships between automakers, battery manufacturers, and recyclers are crucial for establishing a robust and efficient battery value chain. Geographical Expansion: Leading players are expanding their footprint across Europe by setting up new recycling plants and establishing partnerships throughout the continent. Sustainability Focus: Companies are increasingly emphasizing their commitment to sustainable practices and responsible sourcing of raw materials throughout the battery lifecycle.

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Manmayi Raval

Future Outlook The European EV battery reuse and recycling market is poised for exponential growth in the coming years, driven by the surge in EV adoption, stringent regulations, and technological advancements. Key factors shaping the future of the market include: Policy Landscape: The evolution of regulations and government incentives will significantly impact the market's growth trajectory. Stricter recycling targets and financial support for research and development will accelerate technology innovation and infrastructure development. Battery Technologies: Advancements in battery design and alternative chemistries like solid-state batteries may necessitate adaptations in recycling processes and infrastructure. Circular Economy Focus: The growing emphasis on a circular economy promoting resource efficiency and closed-loop manufacturing will further incentivize the development of a robust battery recycling ecosystem. Overall, the European EV battery reuse and recycling market presents a dynamic and exciting space with significant growth potential. As the continent strives towards a sustainable future for electric mobility, responsible battery management solutions will play a critical role in ensuring a clean and resource-secure future.

Table of Contents

  • 1 Introduction 8
  • 1.1 Industry Definition and Research Scope 8
  • 1.1.1 Industry Definition 8
  • 1.1.2 Research Scope 9
  • 1.2 Research Methodology 12
  • 1.2.1 Overview of Market Research Methodology 12
  • 1.2.2 Market Assumption 13
  • 1.2.3 Secondary Data 13
  • 1.2.4 Primary Data 13
  • 1.2.5 Data Filtration and Model Design 14
  • 1.2.6 Market Size/Share Estimation 15
  • 1.2.7 Research Limitations 16
  • 1.3 Executive Summary 17
  • 2 Market Overview and Dynamics 20
  • 2.1 Market Size and Forecast 20
  • 2.1.1 Impact of COVID-19 on World Economy 21
  • 2.1.2 Impact of COVID-19 on the Market 24
  • 2.1.3 Impact of Russia-Ukraine Conflict: War Slows Economic Recovery 26
  • 2.2 Major Growth Drivers 30
  • 2.3 Market Restraints and Challenges 33
  • 2.4 Emerging Opportunities and Market Trends 36
  • 2.5 Porter’s Fiver Forces Analysis 40
  • 3 Segmentation of Europe Market by Category 44
  • 3.1 Market Overview by Category 44
  • 3.2 Reuse of EV Batteries 46
  • 3.3 Recycling of EV Batteries 47
  • 3.3.1 Hydro-metallurgical Process 48
  • 3.3.2 Pyro-metallurgical Process 49
  • 3.3.3 Other Processes 50
  • 4 Segmentation of Europe Market by Battery Type 51
  • 4.1 Market Overview by Battery Type 51
  • 4.2 Lithium-ion Batteries 53
  • 4.2.1 Lithium Ferro Phosphate (LFP) Battery 55
  • 4.2.2 Lithium-ion Manganese Oxide (LMO) 56
  • 4.2.3 Lithium-nickel-cobalt-aluminum Oxide (NCA) 57
  • 4.2.4 Lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt Oxide (NMC) 58
  • 4.2.5 Lithium-titanate Oxide (LTO) 59
  • 4.3 Nickel-metal Hydride Batteries 60
  • 4.4 Lead-acid Batteries 61
  • 4.5 Other Battery Types 62
  • 5 Segmentation of Europe Market by EV Type 63
  • 5.1 Market Overview by EV Type 63
  • 5.2 Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) 65
  • 5.3 Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) 66
  • 5.4 Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) 67
  • 5.5 Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) 68
  • 6 Segmentation of Europe Market by Vehicle 69
  • 6.1 Market Overview by Vehicle 69
  • 6.2 Passenger EVs 71
  • 6.3 Commercial EVs 72
  • 7 Segmentation of Europe Market by End Use 73
  • 7.1 Market Overview by End Use 73
  • 7.2 Electric Cars 75
  • 7.3 Electric Buses 76
  • 7.4 Energy Storage Systems 77
  • 7.5 Other End Uses 78
  • 8 European Market 2022-2032 by Country 79
  • 8.1 Overview of European Market 79
  • 8.2 Germany 82
  • 8.3 U.K. 85
  • 8.4 France 88
  • 8.5 Spain 90
  • 8.6 Italy 92
  • 8.7 Russia 94
  • 8.8 Rest of European Market 96
  • 9 Competitive Landscape 98
  • 9.1 Overview of Key Vendors 98
  • 9.2 New Product Launch, Partnership, Investment, and M&A 101
  • 9.3 Company Profiles 102
  • ACCUREC Recycling GmbH 102
  • American Manganese Inc. 104
  • Battery Solutions 106
  • Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW) AG 108
  • China Aviation Lithium Battery Company Limited 113
  • G & P Service 114
  • LI-CYCLE CORP. 116
  • Nissan Motor Co. Ltd. 118
  • Recupyl 120
  • Retriev Technologies 122
  • SITRASA 124
  • SNAM S.A.S. (FLORIDIENNE) 126
  • Tesla Inc. 128
  • Toshiba Corporation 131
  • Umicore 133
  • RELATED REPORTS 136
  • ?



Table 1. Snapshot of Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market in Balanced Perspective, 2022-2032 18
Table 2. World Economic Outlook, 2021-2031 22
Table 3. World Economic Outlook, 2021-2023 23
Table 4. Scenarios for Economic Impact of Ukraine Crisis 27
Table 5. Main Product Trends and Market Opportunities in Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market 36
Table 6. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Category, 2022-2032, $ mn 44
Table 7. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market: Recycling of EV Batteries by Process, 2022-2032, $ mn 47
Table 8. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Battery Type, 2022-2032, $ mn 51
Table 9. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market: Lithium-ion Batteries by Type, 2022-2032, $ mn 54
Table 10. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by EV Type, 2022-2032, $ mn 63
Table 11. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Vehicle, 2022-2032, $ mn 69
Table 12. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by End Use, 2022-2032, $ mn 73
Table 13. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Country, 2022-2032, $ mn 81
Table 14. Germany Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Category, 2022-2032, $ mn 84
Table 15. Germany Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Battery Type, 2022-2032, $ mn 84
Table 16. Germany Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by End Use, 2022-2032, $ mn 84
Table 17. U.K. Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Category, 2022-2032, $ mn 87
Table 18. U.K. Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Battery Type, 2022-2032, $ mn 87
Table 19. U.K. Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by End Use, 2022-2032, $ mn 87
Table 20. France Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Category, 2022-2032, $ mn 89
Table 21. France Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Battery Type, 2022-2032, $ mn 89
Table 22. France Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by End Use, 2022-2032, $ mn 89
Table 23. Spain Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Category, 2022-2032, $ mn 91
Table 24. Spain Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Battery Type, 2022-2032, $ mn 91
Table 25. Spain Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by End Use, 2022-2032, $ mn 91
Table 26. Italy Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Category, 2022-2032, $ mn 93
Table 27. Italy Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Battery Type, 2022-2032, $ mn 93
Table 28. Italy Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by End Use, 2022-2032, $ mn 93
Table 29. Russia Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Category, 2022-2032, $ mn 95
Table 30. Russia Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Battery Type, 2022-2032, $ mn 95
Table 31. Russia Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by End Use, 2022-2032, $ mn 95
Table 32. Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market in Rest of Europe by Country, 2022-2032, $ mn 97
Table 33. ACCUREC Recycling GmbH: Company Snapshot 102
Table 34. ACCUREC Recycling GmbH: Business Segmentation 103
Table 35. ACCUREC Recycling GmbH: Product Portfolio 103
Table 36. American Manganese Inc.: Company Snapshot 104
Table 37. American Manganese Inc.: Product Portfolio 105
Table 38. Battery Solutions: Company Snapshot 106
Table 39. Battery Solutions: Product Portfolio 107
Table 40. Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW) AG: Company Snapshot 108
Table 41. Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW) AG: Brands and Models 108
Table 42. Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW) AG: Annual Production by Vehicle 2005-2019 109
Table 43. Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW) AG: Annual Sales by Vehicle 2005-2019 109
Table 44. Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW) AG: Revenue, 2017-2019, $ bn 110
Table 45. Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW) AG: % of Revenue by Region, 2018 110
Table 46. Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW) AG: Recent Developments 111
Table 47. China Aviation Lithium Battery Company Limited: Company Snapshot 113
Table 48. G & P Service: Company Snapshot 114
Table 49. G & P Service: Product Portfolio 115
Table 50. LI-CYCLE CORP.: Company Snapshot 116
Table 51. LI-CYCLE CORP.: Product Portfolio 117
Table 52. Nissan Motor Co. Ltd.: Company Snapshot 118
Table 53. Nissan Motor Co. Ltd.: Revenue, 2018-2020, $ bn 119
Table 54. Recupyl: Company Snapshot 120
Table 55. Recupyl: Product Portfolio 121
Table 56. Retriev Technologies: Company Snapshot 122
Table 57. Retriev Technologies: Product Portfolio 123
Table 58. SITRASA: Company Snapshot 124
Table 59. SITRASA: Product Portfolio 125
Table 60. SNAM S.A.S.: Company Snapshot 126
Table 61. SNAM S.A.S.: Product Portfolio 127
Table 62. SNAM S.A.S.: Revenue, 2017-2019, $ mn 127
Table 63. Tesla Inc.: Company Snapshot 128
Table 64. Tesla Inc.: Business Segments 129
Table 65. Tesla Inc.: Revenue, 2018-2020, $ bn 129
Table 66. Toshiba Corporation: Company Snapshot 131
Table 67. Toshiba Corporation: Business Segments 132
Table 68. Toshiba Corporation: Revenue, 2018-2020, $ bn 132
Table 69. Umicore: Company Snapshot 133
Table 70. Umicore: Business Segments 134
Table 71. Umicore: Product Portfolio 134
Table 72. Umicore: Revenue, 2017-2019, € bn 135



Figure 1. Research Method Flow Chart 12
Figure 2. Bottom-up Approach and Top-down Approach for Market Estimation 15
Figure 3. Europe Market Forecast in Optimistic, Conservative and Balanced Perspectives, 2022-2032 17
Figure 4. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market, 2022-2032, $ mn 20
Figure 5. Impact of COVID-19 on Business 24
Figure 6. Primary Drivers and Impact Factors of Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market 30
Figure 7. Primary Restraints and Impact Factors of Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market 33
Figure 8. Investment Opportunity Analysis 37
Figure 9. Porter’s Fiver Forces Analysis of Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market 40
Figure 10. Breakdown of Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Category, 2022-2032, % of Revenue 45
Figure 11. Europe Addressable Market Cap in 2023-2032 by Category, Value ($ mn) and Share (%) 45
Figure 12. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Category: Reuse of EV Batteries, 2022-2032, $ mn 46
Figure 13. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Category: Recycling of EV Batteries, 2022-2032, $ mn 47
Figure 14. Europe Electric Vehicle Recycling Market by Process: Hydro-metallurgical Process, 2022-2032, $ mn 48
Figure 15. Europe Electric Vehicle Recycling Market by Process: Pyro-metallurgical Process, 2022-2032, $ mn 49
Figure 16. Europe Electric Vehicle Recycling Market by Process: Other Processes, 2022-2032, $ mn 50
Figure 17. Breakdown of Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Battery Type, 2022-2032, % of Sales Revenue 52
Figure 18. Europe Addressable Market Cap in 2023-2032 by Battery Type, Value ($ mn) and Share (%) 52
Figure 19. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Battery Type: Lithium-ion Batteries, 2022-2032, $ mn 53
Figure 20. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Lithium-ion Batteries: Lithium Ferro Phosphate (LFP) Battery, 2022-2032, $ mn 55
Figure 21. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Lithium-ion Batteries: Lithium-ion Manganese Oxide (LMO), 2022-2032, $ mn 56
Figure 22. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Lithium-ion Batteries: Lithium-nickel-cobalt-aluminum Oxide (NCA), 2022-2032, $ mn 57
Figure 23. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Lithium-ion Batteries: Lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt Oxide (NMC), 2022-2032, $ mn 58
Figure 24. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Lithium-ion Batteries: Lithium-titanate Oxide (LTO), 2022-2032, $ mn 59
Figure 25. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Battery Type: Nickel-metal Hydride Batteries, 2022-2032, $ mn 60
Figure 26. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Battery Type: Lead-acid Batteries, 2022-2032, $ mn 61
Figure 27. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Battery Type: Other Battery Types, 2022-2032, $ mn 62
Figure 28. Breakdown of Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by EV Type, 2022-2032, % of Sales Revenue 64
Figure 29. Europe Addressable Market Cap in 2023-2032 by EV Type, Value ($ mn) and Share (%) 64
Figure 30. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by EV Type: Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV), 2022-2032, $ mn 65
Figure 31. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by EV Type: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), 2022-2032, $ mn 66
Figure 32. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by EV Type: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), 2022-2032, $ mn 67
Figure 33. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by EV Type: Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV), 2022-2032, $ mn 68
Figure 34. Breakdown of Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Vehicle, 2022-2032, % of Revenue 70
Figure 35. Europe Addressable Market Cap in 2023-2032 by Vehicle, Value ($ mn) and Share (%) 70
Figure 36. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Vehicle: Passenger EVs, 2022-2032, $ mn 71
Figure 37. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Vehicle: Commercial EVs, 2022-2032, $ mn 72
Figure 38. Breakdown of Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by End Use, 2022-2032, % of Revenue 74
Figure 39. Europe Addressable Market Cap in 2023-2032 by End Use, Value ($ mn) and Share (%) 74
Figure 40. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by End Use: Electric Cars, 2022-2032, $ mn 75
Figure 41. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by End Use: Electric Buses, 2022-2032, $ mn 76
Figure 42. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by End Use: Energy Storage Systems, 2022-2032, $ mn 77
Figure 43. Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by End Use: Other End Uses, 2022-2032, $ mn 78
Figure 44. Breakdown of European Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market by Country, 2022 and 2032, % of Revenue 80
Figure 45. Contribution to Europe 2023-2032 Cumulative Market by Country, Value ($ mn) and Share (%) 81
Figure 46. Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market in Germany, 2022-2032, $ mn 82
Figure 47. Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market in U.K., 2022-2032, $ mn 85
Figure 48. Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market in France, 2022-2032, $ mn 88
Figure 49. Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market in Spain, 2022-2032, $ mn 90
Figure 50. Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market in Italy, 2022-2032, $ mn 92
Figure 51. Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market in Russia, 2022-2032, $ mn 94
Figure 52. Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market in Rest of Europe, 2022-2032, $ mn 96
Figure 53. Growth Stage of Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Industry over the Forecast Period 98
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Europe Electric Vehicle Battery Reuse and Recycling Market Outlook, 2029

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